Boniato Sweet Potatoes: Description, Flavor, Benefits, And Uses

Boniato sweet potatoes are a variety of sweet potatoes grown for centuries in Cuba and other Caribbean islands. They have a flavor similar to a regular sweet potato but with an added sweetness. The flesh is creamy and moist, making it ideal for baking and frying. Boniato sweet potatoes are a great source of complex carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, making them an excellent choice for those looking to improve their diet. Here, we will discuss the benefits of eating Boniato sweet potatoes and how to prepare them.

What are Boniato Sweet Potatoes?

Boniato sweet potatoes are a type of sweet potato that originated in Cuba. They have a unique flavor and texture, softer and sweeter than regular sweet potatoes. Boniato sweet potatoes are creamy white on the inside and dark purple or brownish on the outside. They are higher in starch than regular sweet potatoes and have a nutty flavor. They can be cooked in the same way as regular sweet potatoes, but their unique flavor makes them a great addition to any meal.

boniato sweet potatoes

History and Origin of Boniato Sweet Potatoes

Boniato sweet potatoes have a long and colorful history. Native to the Caribbean, they were first cultivated by the native Taino people who lived in the Caribbean region of South America and called them “batata.” The Spanish conquistadors first encountered these sweet potatoes while exploring the Caribbean and brought them to Europe, where they eventually became popular in Spain.

Today, boniato sweet potatoes are grown throughout the Caribbean, South and Central America. The United States, Jamaica, Cuba, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic are some of the main producers of boniato sweet potatoes . With their unique flavor and texture, boniato sweet potatoes are becoming increasingly popular in the United States. They make a great side dish or can create dishes with other ingredients such as garlic, onions, or peppers.

Description of the Boniato Sweet Potatoes

Boniato sweet potatoes are a variety of root vegetables with an oblong shape, measuring between 10 and 15 cm in length. The skin is light tan to golden yellow, with a thin outer layer and firm white flesh. Boniato sweet potatoes are high in fiber, potassium, and Vitamin C, making them a nutritious addition to any meal. Their versatility makes them suitable for roasting, baking, mashing, or frying. They can also be boiled and mashed to make a creamy mash or used in soups and stews for additional flavor and texture.

Flavor Profile of the Boniato Sweet Potatoes

Boniato sweet potatoes have a mild yet slightly sweet taste. They are known for their creamy texture and subtle nutty flavor. When cooked, they develop a creamy texture and a hint of starchiness. When boiled or steamed, the potatoes become fluffy and light. They are great for roasting, baking, mashing, and even frying.

They are also a great addition to soups and stews, adding an extra layer of sweetness. The natural sweetness makes them perfect for desserts such as pies and puddings or topped with butter or cream for a delicious side dish. Boniato sweet potatoes will surely be a hit no matter how you cook them!

Health Benefits of Boniato Sweet Potatoes

Boniato sweet potatoes are rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, making them an ideal food choice for improving overall health. They are high in vitamin A, which helps protect the eyes from age-related macular degeneration and can help reduce inflammation. Additionally, they are a good source of vitamin C, which helps boost the immune system and can protect against colds and other illnesses.

Boniato sweet potatoes are also an excellent source of fiber, with one medium potato containing nearly four grams per serving. This helps keep you feeling full longer and assists in digestion. The fiber content aids in regulating blood sugar levels as well, which can help reduce the risk of diabetes and other metabolic diseases.

Cultivation of the Boniato Sweet Potatoes

The boniato sweet potatoes require a minimum soil temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18°C) for successful germination. Plant the tubers in light, well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5, about 4 to 6 inches (10–15 cm) deep, spaced 18 to 24 inches (45–60 cm) apart. Boniato sweet potatoes require a long, hot growing season, so they should be planted in late spring or early summer, about 2 to 3 months before the first expected frost of the season. The soil should always be moist but not soggy for optimum growth and development.

Fertilizer is typically added when planting boniato sweet potatoes, and a light side dressing of fertilizer can be applied 2 to 3 times during the growing season. Boniato sweet potatoes should be mulched with straw or similar material after planting to help control weeds and conserve moisture. The vines need plenty of room to spread out without becoming overcrowded.

Harvesting of the Boniato Sweet Potatoes

Boniato sweet potatoes should be harvested when the tubers reach a minimum size of 2.5 cm in diameter. When harvesting, it is important to use a digging fork or spade to gently loosen the soil around the tuber and carefully pull it out of the ground.

Be careful not to damage the tuber’s skin, which can increase spoilage. Harvesting all of the tubers is also important to prevent overcrowding and poor-quality growth of new tubers. After harvesting, it is best to immediately store the sweet potatoes in a cool dark place with plenty of ventilation.

harvested boniato sweet potatoes

Where Do Boniato Sweet Potatoes Grows?

Boniato sweet potatoes are mostly grown in the Caribbean, especially in Cuba and Puerto Rico. In recent years, they have become increasingly popular in other parts of the world, such as the United States, where more people are looking for alternative sources of carbohydrates. They are also popular in Central America and South America, where they are used more frequently than in the Caribbean.

They are also grown in some parts of Africa, particularly Nigeria, and Ghana, and in certain parts of Europe, such as Spain and Portugal. In Asia, they have slowly been gaining popularity over the past few years, with some countries like Japan now becoming known for their ability to grow these unique sweet potatoes.

What are the Things to Remember When Buying Boniato Sweet Potatoes?

  1. Check for firmness – When selecting a boniato sweet potato, pick one that is not too soft or mushy. A good rule of thumb is to squeeze the potato gently, and if it feels somewhat firm, it should be ripe enough to purchase.
  2. Look for any bruises or bumps – If you notice any bruises or bumps on the potato, these could indicate that it is not a fresh sweet potato and should be avoided.
  3. Check for a deep orange color – Boniato sweet potatoes are known for their deep orange color, so if you notice any other colors like white or yellow, it could mean that the potato has been sitting out too long.
  4. Smell the potato – Fresh sweet potatoes should have a slightly sweet smell. If you don’t notice any scent, then it could mean that the potato has gone bad and should be avoided.
  5. Buy organic if available – Organic boniato sweet potatoes are free of pesticides and other chemicals, so if you can find them at your local grocery store, then it’s best to purchase them.

These are a few tips you should keep in mind when buying boniato sweet potatoes. Following these steps will help ensure that you get the freshest and highest-quality product possible.

What is the Best way to Store Boniato Sweet Potatoes?

The best way to store Boniato sweet potatoes is to keep them in a cool, dry, dark place with plenty of air circulation. Ensure the temperature stays between 55-65°F (13-18°C) for optimal storage. Place the sweet potato in an open container or paper bag with holes punched for airflow. This will help keep the potatoes from going bad too quickly.

Remember to store the sweet potatoes away from direct sunlight and other heat sources, as this can cause them to spoil quickly. Check on the sweet potato every few days for any soft spots or mold, and discard anything that has gone bad. If you plan to store them for longer than a week, placing them in the refrigerator is best. This will help slow down the rate of spoilage and extend their shelf life.

uses of boniato sweet potatoes

How can Boniato Sweet Potatoes be used in Recipes with other Fruits and Vegetables?

Boniato sweet potatoes can be used in various recipes incorporating other fruits and vegetables. They are delicious when roasted, boiled, or mashed with other ingredients like apples, carrots, squash, or onions. They also make an excellent addition to soups and stews. Mixing with tropical fruits like mango or pineapple can create a delicious side dish for any meal. Boniato sweet potatoes can also make a delicious puree or even an amazing pie crust when mixed with other flours. With their delicate sweetness, they are sure to add a unique flavor to whatever you create.


Boniato sweet potatoes are unique and versatile vegetables that can be used in various recipes. They should be stored in a cool, dark place with minimal moisture and airflow. Be sure to check on them periodically for any signs of spoilage before using them in your recipes. When mixed with other fruits and vegetables, they will surely add a unique flavor to any dish. Boniato sweet potatoes are the perfect way to make your meals extra special.

Mitch Baylis