Chilacayote Squash: Description, Flavor, Benefits, And Uses 

Chilacayote squash (Cucurbita moschata), also known as ayote, is a type of winter squash native to Latin America and the Caribbean. It has been a part of local cuisine for centuries, but it has recently become more popular in the United States due to its nutritional benefits and versatility in cooking.

Chilacayote squash is high in vitamins A and C, fiber, and other essential minerals. It has a unique texture and mild flavor that pairs well with many different dishes. Here is a guide to everything you need to know about chilacayote squash, including its nutrition profile, health benefits, and tips on incorporating it into your meals.

What is Chilacayote Squash?

Chilacayote squash is a variety of Cucurbita moschata, a species of squash native to Mexico. The fruit is elongated and can reach lengths up to 12 inches, weighing 1-2 pounds. The skin is medium in thickness and ranges from pale green to white. The flesh is pale yellow-orange, sweet and starchy. Chilacayote squash can be cooked in various ways, including steaming, boiling and roasting.

Chilacayote Squash Description

History and Origin of Chilacayote Squash?

Chilacayote squash is native to parts of Central America, primarily Mexico and Guatemala. It’s a traditional staple food in the region, dating back centuries to the pre-Columbian era when the Aztecs and Maya used it for sustenance and medicinal purposes. Chilacayote comes from the Nahuatl language and roughly translates to “old squash.” Chilacayote squash is also a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, which includes other popular squashes like zucchini and pumpkin.

Appearance of Chilacayote Squash

Chilacayote squash ranges from small to medium-sized, typically weighing between two to four pounds. Its shape is similar to that of a pumpkin. Its skin is pale to medium green, and its flesh is yellow-orange. The seeds are typically removed before cooking but can be roasted or toasted for a tasty snack.

Nutritional Benefits of Chilacayote Squash

Chilacayote squash is an excellent source of vitamins A and C, fiber, and other essential minerals. It is also a good source of potassium, which can help regulate blood pressure and promote healthy muscle function. The squash is low in calories, making it ideal for people looking to lose or maintain their current weight.

Where are Chilacayote Squash Grown and Harvested?

Chilacayote squash is typically grown and harvested in Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. The plant is generally found at higher altitudes of around 3,000 feet (914 meters). They like warm climates with plenty of suns and can be planted from early spring to late summer.

Chilacayote vines grow quickly, so providing them with adequate space is important. The fruits should be harvested when they reach 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) in length and are still greenish-yellow in color. They will become dry and fibrous if left to mature on the vine for too long. Once harvested, Chilacayote squash can be stored at room temperature for up to two months. They can also be cooked and frozen for future use.

Flavor Profile of Chilacayote Squash

Chilacayote squash has a mild, subtly sweet flavor that is often compared to zucchini. It has a dense, pulpy texture with an earthy undertone. When cooked, the flesh of the Chilacayote becomes soft and tender, and its delicate sweetness intensifies. Its creamy yellow-green color makes it an appealing addition to both savory and sweet dishes. 

Chilacayote squash can be boiled, steamed, baked, fried, roasted, or grilled and is often used in soups and stews. It also makes a delicious addition to salads, pasta, and other side dishes. Its mild sweetness pairs well with seasonings such as garlic, herbs, and mild spices like cumin, oregano, or paprika. 

Where to Find the Best Quality Chilacayote Squash?

The best place to find high-quality Chilacayote squash is at a local farmers market or specialty produce store. Look for a fresh, firm, bright green squash that weighs between 1-3 pounds.

If you are still looking for it locally, many online retailers also carry Chilacayote squash. You can also find Cilacayote squash in many Latin American countries, especially during their harvest season in late summer/early fall. Here you can find the freshest squash just harvested from local farms. 

How to Store Chilacayote Squash?

Pick ones with firm shells and no bruises or soft spots to store Chilacayote squash. Please place them in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and heat sources such as hot water pipes or radiators. Store the squash whole rather than cut or peel, as this will help keep it fresher for longer periods. 

Suppose you need to cut it open carefully with a sharp knife. Once opened, use the squash within a couple of days or refrigerate it in an airtight container. Chilacayote squash can be boiled, steamed, roasted, or fried when cooked. 

How to Use Chilacayote Squash in Different Recipes With Other Vegetables?

Chilacayote squash is an incredibly versatile vegetable that can be used in various recipes. It tastes slightly sweet and works well with other vegetables, including zucchini, carrots, bell peppers, onions, garlic, tomatoes, and more. Here are some ideas for using chilacayote squash in different recipes:

  • Stir-fry: Cut the squash into cubes or thin strips and stir-fry with other vegetables in a pan over medium heat for about 5 minutes. Add soy sauce, garlic, ginger, and a pinch of sugar to taste. Serve with steamed rice.
  • Soup: Simmer cubed chilacayote squash in vegetable broth and onion, garlic, cumin, oregano, and chili powder for 15 minutes or until the squash is tender. Top each bowl of soup with a dollop of sour cream and chopped cilantro.

No matter how you use it, chilacayote squash is a great way to add flavor and nutrition to any meal. Experiment with different recipes and find one that works for your taste buds. 


Chilacayote squash is a versatile, mild-tasting vegetable that can be used in various dishes. It has a dense, pulpy texture and subtly sweet flavor pairs well with other vegetables and seasonings. Look for high-quality Chilacayote squash at local farmers’ markets or online retailers, and store it in a cool, dry place away from direct heat sources. Use it as an ingredient in stir-fries, soups, and stews or as a side dish. No matter how you use it, Chilacayote squash adds flavor and nutrition to any meal. Enjoy!

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Mitch Baylis