Turmeric Plant: How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Turmeric Root

Turmeric is a popular herb used for centuries in traditional medicine and cooking. It is a member of the ginger family and can be found in many spices, foods, and beverages. The turmeric plant is an easy-to-grow perennial that produces yellowish-brown rhizomes (underground stems). Many gardeners are now adding this flavorful herb to their gardens so they can enjoy fresh turmeric root throughout the growing season.

What is Turmeric?

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a herbaceous perennial native to Southeast Asia. It can reach up to four feet in height and has oval-shaped leaves with yellow flowers that bloom during summer. The main edible part of the turmeric plant is its rhizome, a root-like underground stem that produces an orange-yellow pigment called curcumin. This compound gives turmeric several medicinal properties, such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, as well as potential benefits for conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease, and cancer.

History and Origin of Turmeric:

Turmeric has a long history of use in traditional medicine and cooking. It is believed to have originated in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia, where it was used medicinally for thousands of years. Today, turmeric is widely cultivated throughout India, China, Indonesia, and other parts of the world. It is often used as a food coloring agent and yellow dye due to its vibrant hue.

Types of Turmeric:

There are several varieties of turmeric available for purchase, including:

  • Alleppey Turmeric – This variety is known for its deep yellow color and robust flavor. It is grown mainly in India.
  • White Turmeric – This type has a more subtle flavor than other varieties and is typically used in Thai cooking.
  • Red Turmeric – Also called “Dried Ginger,” it has a strong bitter taste and is mostly used as an ingredient in Ayurvedic medicines.

Nutritional Value of Turmeric: 

Turmeric is a highly nutritious spice and one of the healthiest food items. It is rich in dietary fiber, iron, potassium, magnesium, vitamin B6, and other essential vitamins and minerals. In addition, it also contains powerful antioxidants that can help protect the body from damage caused by free radicals. The primary active component in turmeric is curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce pain and inflammation. Regular consumption of turmeric can also help decrease risk factors for many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. 

Additionally, it may improve digestive health by promoting the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. Furthermore, research suggests that turmeric can help improve cognitive function by increasing levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain.

Overall, turmeric is an incredibly nutritious and beneficial food with many health benefits. It is easy to incorporate into dishes and recipes and can be used to add flavor and nutrition. For those looking to get more of the nutritional benefits of turmeric, supplementing with curcumin capsules is a great option.

Health Benefits of Turmeric:

Turmeric is a powerhouse of health benefits and has been used for centuries in traditional medicine systems to treat various ailments. It contains powerful anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and antifungal properties that can help protect the body from free radical damage, reduce inflammation, improve digestion and boost immunity. Additionally, it may also have potential benefits for conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease, and cancer due to its high levels of curcumin.

How to Plant a Turmeric Plant? 

Turmeric is a popular spice used in many dishes and has been used as an herbal remedy for centuries. It is part of the ginger family and has a distinctive yellow color and flavor. Planting turmeric can be done easily in your own home, allowing you to enjoy the benefits of this powerful herb for years to come.


Turmeric plants need a lot of sunlight and warmth to thrive, so they should be planted in an area that gets at least 6 hours of direct sun per day. It is best to plant turmeric in soil that is well-draining, rich in organic matter, and has a pH of 6.0-7.5. If you are planting your turmeric outside, choose a location that does not get too cold, as the colder temperatures can lead to root rot or other diseases.

Soil Preparation:

Before planting your turmeric, it is important to prepare the soil by digging it up and adding some compost or aged manure for additional nutrients. You will also want to ensure the soil is moist but not soggy, as too much water can lead to root rot. After prepping the soil, it is time to plant your turmeric.


Turmeric plants are grown from rhizomes (roots). When planting, break off a piece of the rhizome and bury it 1-2 inches deep in the prepared soil with one or two buds facing upwards. Make sure to spread your pieces evenly, so you don’t overcrowd them. It will take approximately 8-10 weeks for your turmeric plants to become established and produce new shoots.

Once your turmeric plant has been established, it is important to maintain proper care. Water your turmeric deeply but less frequently, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Turmeric likes warm temperatures and should not be exposed to temperatures lower than 50°F (10°C). You will also want to watch for pests or diseases and take appropriate action.

planting turmeric

How do you Care for and Grow Turmeric Plants?

Once you have your turmeric plants in the ground, there are a few steps to ensure they thrive. Watering is key: ensure the soil stays consistently moist and lightly fertilize them every other month or so with compost or an all-purpose liquid fertilizer. It helps to mulch around your turmeric plants as well to help keep the moisture in and weeds out. Keeping these plants in full sun will also help them grow their best.

Harvesting turmeric rhizomes can be done once the plant’s leaves start yellowing and dying back, usually after 8-10 months of growth. Dig up the rhizome carefully using a garden fork or spade and cut off any remaining foliage. The rhizomes may either be used fresh or dried and ground into powder.

Turmeric is a great plant to add to any garden space, providing vibrant color and delicious spice! You can enjoy growing your turmeric plants at home with just a bit of care.

Growing your turmeric plants at home is easy and rewarding! With just a bit of effort and care, you can enjoy all the health benefits of having fresh turmeric. Make sure to plant in an area with plenty of sun, keep the soil consistently moist, and occasionally fertilize for best results.

care for turmeric plant

Preventions from Pests and Diseases:

Turmeric plants can be vulnerable to pests and diseases, so it’s important to take preventive measures. Make sure to keep your garden weed-free, as weeds can harbor pests. Prune off dead or wilted leaves promptly and practice crop rotation with other plants to prevent the buildup of disease organisms in the soil. Finally, keep an eye out for any signs of pests or diseases and take prompt action if needed. Common pests include aphids, mites, thrips, whiteflies, and nematodes, while common diseases are root rot and leaf spot.

You can enjoy growing your turmeric plants at home for years to come! With just a bit of effort and care, fresh turmeric can be available for all your culinary needs. Remember to keep the soil moist, provide adequate drainage and sunlight, and practice preventive measures against pests and diseases. With these tips in mind, you’ll be able to grow and harvest your turmeric successfully!

How to Harvest Turmeric Plant?

Harvesting turmeric is a straightforward process. Firstly, you will need to wait until the plants have grown and matured for at least 8 months before they are ready to be harvested. The longer you wait, the larger and more flavorful your turmeric rhizomes (the part of the plant we use) will be.

When it is time to harvest, it is best to cut off the tops of the plants with a pair of sharp scissors or pruners and leave some of the foliage on top so that new shoots can come up from below. Then carefully dig out the rhizome clumps with a garden fork or spade, taking care not to damage them in any way.

Once you have collected all the rhizomes, you can separate them into individual rhizomes by hand. After harvesting, it is best to do this as soon as possible to prevent them from decaying and losing their flavor.

The last step in harvesting turmeric is cleaning the rhizomes, so they are ready for use. You will need to wash off any soil or dirt on the roots and then peel away the outer skin with a sharp knife or vegetable peeler. When you’re finished, your turmeric rhizomes should be clean and ready for cooking or other uses!

harvesting turmeric

How to Store Homegrown Turmeric Plants?

To store homegrown Turmeric plants, it is important to harvest the rhizomes at the right time and prepare them for storage. Harvesting turmeric should be done when the foliage begins to die in late summer or early autumn. Carefully dig up the entire plant and remove all of the roots, not damaging the rhizomes. After harvesting, thoroughly clean off any remaining soil from the rhizomes. Cut off any small buds that may have formed on larger rhizomes and discard them, as these will not grow into new plants.

The cleaned and dried rhizomes can then be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Place them in a paper bag or cloth sack with some sawdust, peat moss, or vermiculite to help keep them dry and prevent fungal growth. It is important to check the rhizomes regularly for signs of mold and rot, as this can quickly spread throughout the entire batch.

Stored in the right conditions, turmeric rhizomes can remain viable for up to a year and be planted again when ready. Properly stored rhizomes will also retain their flavor and color far better than fresh ones, making them an excellent choice for preserving their homegrown turmeric harvest.

Finally, to ensure the future health of your turmeric plants, it is important to practice crop rotation and refrain from planting in the same spot each year. Doing so will help to prevent soil-borne diseases that can affect the growth and flavor of your turmeric harvest. With a little care, you should be able to enjoy homegrown turmeric for many years to come.

storage of turmeric

How do you Use Homegrown Turmeric Plants in your Daily Life?

Here are some tips on how to make the most out of the turmeric plant you have grown right in your backyard:

  1. Add it to Your Cooking: Turmeric is an essential ingredient in Indian cuisine, imparting both flavor and color to dishes. Use it for rice, potatoes, vegetables, or even meat dishes. You can add freshly grated turmeric root directly into soups and stews for flavor and nutrition.
  2. Make Teas and Tonic: Turmeric is an amazing detoxifying agent, making it ideal for producing teas and tonics. Boil fresh turmeric root with ginger, lemon juice, and honey to make a delicious herbal tea that helps promote healthy digestion.
  3. Use it as a Supplement: One of the best ways to use homegrown turmeric is by taking advantage of its high curcumin, which is full of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. Take 1 teaspoon of powdered turmeric in warm water or milk once or twice daily for overall health benefits.
  4. Make Natural Hair Dye: For those looking for natural alternatives to chemical hair dyes – try using turmeric! Combine 2 tablespoons of turmeric powder with 2-3 tablespoons of coconut oil. Apply the paste to damp hair and leave for 1 hour before rinsing away.

So there you have it – four different ways to use homegrown turmeric plants in your daily life! Whether you use it in cooking, making teas and tonics, or even as a natural hair dye, turmeric will become one of your favorite herbs to grow at home! Enjoy its benefits today!

uses of turmeric

Potential Risks from Turmeric: 

Turmeric is generally considered safe for most people. However, there are some potential risks to be aware of. It is important to note that turmeric, in its natural form, has been used safely for centuries. Any side effects typically occur when taken in high doses or as supplements.

Possible short-term side effects include stomach upset, nausea, dizziness, and headaches. Additionally, long-term use may lead to an increased risk of kidney stones due to the oxalate content present in turmeric. Surgery: Turmeric should not be taken within two weeks before a scheduled surgery due to its blood-thinning properties, which can cause excessive bleeding during and after surgery.

Finally, those taking certain medications such as diabetes or blood thinners should consult their doctor before taking turmeric supplements or adding them to their diet. As always, discussing any potential risks with a medical professional before starting any new dietary regimen is best.


Turmeric is a powerful, natural healing herb with many potential benefits. From aiding in digestion to helping fight inflammation, turmeric can help you live a healthier lifestyle. Growing your turmeric at home gives you access to fresh turmeric all year round, allowing for more creative ways of incorporating it into your diet. With the proper storage and care methods, you’ll be able to enjoy homegrown turmeric for years to come! However, it is important to remember that some potential risks are associated with consuming high doses of this herb and taking supplements containing it. As always, consult a doctor before adding new herbs or dietary changes to your daily routine.

With careful consideration of potential risks, enjoy all of the amazing benefits of homegrown turmeric! From adding flavor and color to dishes to promoting overall health – take advantage of this powerful herb today! Bon Appétit!