What are Swiss Chards? How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Swiss Chards

Swiss chard is an excellent leafy green vegetable with various beneficial health effects. It is high in fiber and protein, low in calories, and packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Swiss chard has been used for centuries as an ingredient in salads and other dishes. It has become increasingly popular among health-conscious individuals in recent years due to its many nutritional benefits.

What is a Swiss Chard?

Swiss chard is a dark leafy green vegetable that has been around for centuries. It is closely related to beets, spinach, and other members of the Amaranthaceae family. Swiss chard is packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making it a great addition to any diet. Its high fiber content and low-calorie count make it an ideal food for weight loss or maintenance.

Swiss chard also provides numerous health benefits due to its high antioxidant and nutrient content, aiding digestion, reducing cholesterol levels, and helping prevent cancer development. Additionally, this versatile vegetable can be cooked in various ways, including roasting, sautéing, or steaming. So if you haven’t already, give Swiss chard a try and enjoy its various health benefits!

History and Origin of Swiss Chard: 

Swiss chard, also known as silverbeet or spinach beet, is a popular leafy green vegetable that has been around for centuries. It is thought to have originated in the Mediterranean region and was first cultivated by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Swiss Chard has become an important ingredient in many traditional dishes from that part of the world. It is believed to be native to Europe and was brought to North America in the 19th century.

Today, it can be found in gardens worldwide for its nutritious leaves, vivid colors, and unique flavors. Swiss Chard comes in several varieties with shades of green or red stalks. The leaves are edible raw or cooked, while the stalk can be eaten cooked as well. Swiss Chard is extremely versatile and can be used in salads, soups, stews, omelets, pasta, and more. It is an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K and dietary fiber and minerals such as iron, magnesium, and potassium.

Types of Swiss Chard:

There are many varieties of Swiss chard, each with its unique flavor and appearance. The most common type is “bright lights” or rainbow chard; it has bright green leaves with yellow, red, orange, or white stalks. Other popular types include:

  • The Fordhook Giant variety has dark green leaves and thick white stalks.
  • The Ruby Red variety with deep burgundy-colored leaves.
  • The Perpetual spinach variety produces a continuous crop of tender young greens throughout the growing season.

Nutritional Value of Swiss Chard: 

Swiss chard is a nutritious vegetable with many health benefits. It is low in calories and high in both vitamins and minerals. It is an excellent source of vitamin K, vitamin A, magnesium, potassium, iron, and dietary fiber.

In terms of its nutritional value, Swiss chard contains a wide variety of essential nutrients that can help promote overall health. The leaves are especially rich in antioxidants such as flavonoids and carotenoids, which can help reduce the risk of certain cancers and heart diseases. The dark green leaves also contain high levels of lutein, a compound thought to protect against age-related macular degeneration.

The stalks also contain beneficial nutrients such as folate and other B vitamins. These can help reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack, provide energy, and improve digestion.

Swiss chard is also a great source of essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, and iron. These are important for healthy bones, muscles, and blood cells. It is also a good source of dietary fiber, which can help to regulate digestion and keep you feeling full for longer after eating it.

Swiss chard is an incredibly nutritious vegetable with many health benefits that make it an excellent addition to any diet. Not only does it have a wide array of essential vitamins and minerals, but it also has several antioxidants that can help protect against certain illnesses. Eating Swiss chard regularly can help to promote overall health and well-being.

Uses of Swiss Chard: 

Swiss chard is an extremely versatile vegetable and can be used in a variety of dishes. It can be sautéed, stir-fried, boiled, steamed, roasted, or grilled. The leaves are often eaten raw in salads or slaw. Swiss Chard stalks can also be cooked like asparagus or other greens. Swiss chard is high in essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, C, E, Magnesium, Potassium, and Iron. It has many health benefits such as helping with digestion and controlling blood sugar levels.

As well as being incredibly nutritious, it adds flavor to recipes due to its slightly sweet taste, which pairs well with garlic and onions. Swiss Chard is often used in soups, stews, and casseroles. It can also be used as a substitute for spinach in any meal or dish. Its leaves can even be used as wraps to hold the filling of your choice, making it a delicious and nutritious alternative to traditional sandwich wraps. Finally, Swiss Chard is a great addition to smoothies for an extra nutritional punch.

No matter how you use it, Swiss chard is sure to add health benefits and flavor to any meal!

How to Plant Swiss Chard? 

Swiss chard is a popular leafy green vegetable with a mild flavor and an excellent addition to any home garden. It’s easy to grow, and growing your Swiss chard will allow you to enjoy it fresh any time of the year.

Seed Starting: 

The first step in growing Swiss chard is obtaining high-quality seeds from your local garden center or online supplier. Choose seeds specifically labeled for Swiss Chard, as wide varieties are available, each with unique characteristics.

Once you have obtained the seed, start them indoors about 6 weeks before the last frost date in your area. This allows enough time for them to germinate and become established before being transplanted outside.

Choose a potting mix specifically for seed starters, and fill several trays or containers with the mix. Use your finger to make shallow furrows in the soil, and then sprinkle the seeds along them evenly before covering them with a thin layer of soil. Water lightly until the soil is damp but not soaked, and place it in a warm location for germination. Keep an eye on your seedlings as they grow so that you can move them outdoors when it’s time.


Swiss chard prefers full sun, although it will tolerate partial shade if necessary. Plant Swiss Chard in rows spaced 12 – 18 inches apart, spacing each plant at least 6 inches apart within the row.

Water your seedlings immediately after transplanting, and then continue to water them regularly throughout the growing season. It’s important to keep the soil moist but not soggy for the plants to thrive. Adding a layer of mulch around the base of each plant will help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Swiss chard is typically ready for harvest about 8 weeks after planting, although this can vary depending on variety and climate. The leaves should be tender and free of blemishes when harvested. You can also pick individual leaves as needed while leaving some behind so that they can continue producing more foliage! Swiss Chard can generally be stored in a refrigerator for up to a week.

Growing Swiss chard is an easy and rewarding way to add more leafy greens to your diet. With just a few simple steps, you can have delicious homegrown Swiss chard available any time of the year! Follow the tips outlined above for the best results with your crop. You’ll soon be enjoying freshly harvested Swiss Chard whenever you need it!

planting swiss chard

How to Care for and Grow Swiss Chard?

Swiss chard is easy to grow and care for plants. When planting Swiss chard, it’s best to start from seed or transplant plants that are already started. For the best results, choose a sunny spot with well-drained soil. Plant the seeds about 1/2 inch deep in rows spaced 12 inches apart with 18 inches between each row. Once the seedlings appear, thin them out so that there is only one per hole.

Water your Swiss chard regularly during its growing season, which usually runs from spring until early fall. Aim for 2-3 inches of water weekly, but adjust depending on weather conditions and soil quality. Make sure the water penetrates several inches into the soil rather than just wetting the surface.

Fertilize your Swiss chard every few weeks with a balanced fertilizer or compost tea for the best results. Apply in a wide band around the base of each plant, avoiding direct contact with foliage and stems. Make sure to read and follow the directions on any fertilizer you purchase, as many are toxic to plants if applied incorrectly.

Pests may try to attack your Swiss chard, so keep an eye out for any signs of damage. Common pests include aphids, caterpillars, slugs, and snails. Handpick them off or use approved insecticides or other treatments as needed.

Harvesting Swiss chard is easy; cut the leaves from the stem with a knife. Be sure to leave some leaves on the plant so that it can continue to grow. You can also harvest the stems if you like, but they will take a bit longer to cook than the leaves.

With proper care, your Swiss chard should be ready for harvesting in about four weeks from planting and will provide you with plenty of nutritious greens for months to come.

Preventions from Pests and Diseases:

The best way to prevent pests and diseases in Swiss chard is by practicing good garden hygiene, such as:

  • Rotating crops. Planting the same crop in the same spot can lead to a buildup of pests and pathogens. By rotating your crops annually, you’ll disrupt these buildups.
  • Removing debris and weeds. Ensure all weeds are pulled or mowed regularly, especially during periods of high pest activity. Remove plant debris from the garden after harvest so it doesn’t provide a breeding ground for pests or disease-causing organisms.
  • Inspect plants regularly for signs of disease and pest damage. Look for signs of insects, discolored leaves, and wilting or yellowing plants.
  • Maintain healthy soil. Poorly drained soils can create a breeding ground for pests and diseases. Ensure your soil is well-drained with plenty of organic matter to improve fertility and water retention.
  • Plant-resistant varieties when available. Some Swiss chard varieties are naturally resistant to certain pests or diseases, so research which best suits your needs before planting them in the garden.
  • Use appropriate crop covers if necessary. For example, floating row covers can help protect crops from insect pests while allowing light and air circulation through the fabric.

By taking these simple steps, you’ll be able to keep your Swiss chard crop healthy and pest-free.

How to Harvest Swiss Chard?

Harvesting Swiss chard is a simple and rewarding process. To harvest, cut the stems of individual leaves using clean scissors or a sharp knife. Make sure to leave at least 2 inches of stem attached to the base of the plant for regrowth. If harvesting from older plants, you can collect their entire leaf stems by cutting them off just above where they join the main stem. For the best flavor, try to pick leaves when young and tender (about 10-12 inches long).

Once harvested, it’s important to store your Swiss chard properly to preserve its freshness and flavor as much as possible. Place unwashed Swiss chard in an airtight plastic bag and store it in the refrigerator crisper drawer. It should keep fresh for up to five days. For longer storage, you can blanch and freeze the Swiss chard leaves by submerging them in boiling water for 3 minutes before cooling and freezing. Frozen Swiss chard will keep up to 6 months when stored properly.

Finally, it’s important to note that while harvesting Swiss chard is easy, it’s also important to take care not to damage the plant as this can limit its growth potential. Use clean tools when cutting off leaves, and be gentle when handling the plant. Taking proper care of your Swiss chard plants ensures a continuous harvest all season long.

harvested swiss chard

How to Store Homegrown Swiss Chard?

Storing Swiss chard is easy and efficient. Here are the steps you should follow:

  1. Harvest your Swiss chard when the leaves are still young and tender. Avoid harvesting any that have visible wilting or discoloration, as they will be lower in quality and flavor.
  2. Rinse the leaves and stems to remove any dirt or debris. Pat them dry with a paper towel or kitchen cloth.
  3. Place the chard in a plastic bag, preferably with holes, so that moisture can escape and air can circulate it. Make sure to squeeze out all excess air before sealing the bag shut. If needed, add a few drops of water to keep the greens from drying out too quickly.
  4. Place the bag in the refrigerator, keeping it away from raw meats or other food items that may cause cross-contamination. Using the chard within a few days of harvesting is best for optimal flavor and texture.
  5. If you need to store Swiss chard for longer than a few days, you can also freeze it. Rinse and pat dry as instructed above, then place in an airtight container or freezer bag and seal shut. When ready to use, defrost at room temperature or in the microwave before cooking.

By following these simple steps, you can ensure your homegrown Swiss chard is always fresh and flavorful! Enjoy!

How to use Homegrown Swiss Chard?

Swiss chard is a nutrient-packed leafy green vegetable grown in Europe for centuries. It can be eaten fresh or cooked in various ways, and its mild flavor lends itself to many dishes. Whether you grow Swiss chard in your garden or buy it at the grocery store, here are some tips on how to use it:

  1. Salad – Swiss Chard is delicious raw when used as part of a salad mix. Wash, destem and chop into bite-sized pieces before adding to the salad bowl. You can also add dried fruits and nuts for an added crunch and sweetness.
  2. Sauteing – Heat some oil or butter over medium heat before throwing in some chopped Swiss chard stems and leaves, cooking until the vegetables are softened. Serve with chicken or fish for a complete meal.
  3. Steaming – Steam Swiss chard over boiling water until wilted and tender. This is an easy way to cook leafy vegetables without losing their nutrients. It can be served with butter and seasonings as a side dish or used in other recipes such as frittatas, soups, casseroles, and stir-fries.
  4. Grilling – Grill Swiss Chard on medium heat until heated through and lightly charred on some edges. The smoky flavor compliments many dishes and is deliciously served alongside grilled meats or seafood.
  5. Baking – Swiss Chard can be used in baking as a substitute for spinach. Layer it into lasagna, layer it onto pizza or add it to quiches and pies to create delicious dishes with a hint of green.
  6. Stir-frying – Heat some oil in the pan over medium heat until hot, then throw in chopped Swiss chard stems and leaves and stir-fry until wilted. Add garlic, ginger, or other seasonings if desired before serving as a side dish.
  7. Boiling – Boil Swiss chard in lightly salted water until tender; drain and serve as desired. This is an easy way to cook the leafy vegetable without compromising its nutrients or flavor.
  8. Roasting – Toss some chopped Swiss chard with oil, salt, and pepper before roasting in the oven at 400°F for 10-15 minutes until crispy on the edges. Serve as a delicious side dish or topping for salads.
  9. Juicing – Blend Swiss chard in a juicer and other vegetables, such as carrots or beets, to create a nutrient-packed juice that can help boost immunity and digestion!
  10. Pickling – Pickle Swiss chard by submerging it in vinegar and spices for 24 hours before draining and storing the pickles in an airtight container. This is a great way to preserve Swiss chard for future use.

These are just a few ways to enjoy homegrown Swiss Chard! With its mild flavor and versatility, you’ll surely find many more delicious uses for this nutritious vegetable. Enjoy!

uses of swiss chard

Potential Risks from Swiss Chard:

Although Swiss Chard is generally safe to eat, a few potential risks are associated with consuming it. These include:

  1. Possible Allergies – Rarely, some individuals may experience an allergic reaction to consuming Swiss chard. This can cause itching, swelling, and difficulty breathing in extreme cases. If you experience these symptoms after eating Swiss chard, seek medical attention immediately.
  2. High Oxalate Levels – Swiss chard contains large amounts of oxalates, which can contribute to the formation of kidney stones in susceptible individuals if consumed in excess amounts. If you have a history of kidney problems or form stones easily, speak to your doctor before adding large quantities of Swiss chard into your diet.
  3. Pesticide Residues – Many Swiss chard varieties are grown with chemical pesticides, so be sure to buy organic if possible. Additionally, washing and properly cleaning Swiss chard before consuming it is important. This will help to remove any dirt or contaminants that may remain on the leaves from being in contact with the ground.
  4. Methylmercury Poisoning – Although rare, some cases of methylmercury poisoning have been linked to the consumption of plant foods such as Swiss chard contaminated by industrial waste runoff. Opt for organically grown vegetables whenever possible to reduce your risk for methylmercury poisoning. 

The USDA recommends using the following safe food-handling practices for Swiss chard:

  1. Wash your hands before and after preparing or consuming Swiss chard.
  2. Wash all utensils, surfaces, and cutting boards used to prepare the vegetable with hot, soapy water before and after use.
  3. Discard any wilted leaves before cooking.
  4. Trim off damaged areas on leaves before cooking or eating raw.
  5. Always cook it thoroughly (internal temperature should reach 165°F) before consuming it to kill any harmful bacteria or contaminants.
  6. Separate Swiss chard from raw meats, poultry, seafood, and eggs to avoid cross-contamination.
  7. Store cooked Swiss chard in an airtight container and use it within 3-4 days.
  8. Make sure to keep uncooked Swiss chard refrigerated at 40°F or below and consume within 1-2 days of purchase.
  9. Do not freeze raw Swiss chard, as this may cause the leaves to become limp and soggy upon thawing. 
  10. Discard any leftovers sitting out for more than two hours to reduce your risk of food poisoning. 

These safe handling tips will help you enjoy Swiss chard’s delicious benefits without compromising your health.

By following these simple precautions, you can enjoy Swiss chard’s benefits without worry. Bon appétit!


Swiss chard is an incredibly nutritious and versatile vegetable. It can be a great addition to many recipes and supports overall health when grown in your backyard. Be sure to practice proper food safety measures when handling Swiss chard and follow the tips mentioned above to reduce your risk of adverse reactions from consuming this vibrant green vegetable. Enjoy!

Happy harvesting! 🙂

Mitch Baylis

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