Apple Types and Varieties: A Comprehensive Overview

Apples have been a staple fruit for centuries, loved for their crisp texture and sweet or tart flavors. But did you know that there are over 7,500 known varieties of apples? From traditional favorites like Red Delicious and Granny Smith to more unique types like Cortland and Pippin, each variety has its own distinct characteristics and uses.

In this guide, we will provide an overview of some of the most popular apple varieties, their flavor profiles, and how they are used. We will also cover the newest developments in the world of apples and offer tips on choosing which types to plant in your garden or yard.

So grab a fresh apple and let’s dive into the wonderful world of apple types and varieties!

Red Delicious and Fuji Apples – Sweet and Crisp

Red Delicious and Fuji apples are two of the most well-known apple varieties.

Red Delicious

Red delicious apple variety

With its deep red skin and elongated shape, the Red Delicious apple is instantly recognizable. It has a sweet, slightly tart flavor and a crisp texture that makes it perfect for eating fresh or adding to salads.

This variety was first discovered in Iowa in the 1870s and has become one of the most widely grown apples in the world.


Fuji apple variety

Originally from Japan, the Fuji apple is a cross between Red Delicious and Ralls Janet varieties. It has a red and yellow skin that is slightly speckled and a sweet, crisp flesh.

Because of its high sugar content, Fuji apples are often used for baking and making applesauce. They also store well, making them a great choice for year-round use.

Granny Smith and Honeycrisp Apples – Tart and Juicy

If you prefer your apples on the tart side, Granny Smith and Honeycrisp varieties are for you.

Granny Smith

Granny Smith apple variety

The Granny Smith apple has a bright green skin with white flesh that is tart and tangy. It was first discovered in Australia in the 1860s and has since become a favorite for baking, cooking, or eating fresh for those who enjoy a more sour flavor.


Honey crisp apple variety

With its signature crisp texture and juicy burst of sweetness, the Honeycrisp apple has quickly gained popularity since its creation in Minnesota in the  1960s.

It’s a great choice for snacking or enjoying in salads, but also holds up well when cooked or baked.

Gala, Golden Delicious and Braeburn Apples – Mild and Fruity

Gala, Golden Delicious, and Braeburn apples are excellent choices for those who prefer a milder flavor profile.


The Gala apple was developed in New Zealand and has a yellow-orange skin with red stripes. It’s known for its sweet, crisp flavor and is a popular choice for eating fresh or using in desserts.

Golden Delicious

As the name suggests, the Golden Delicious apple has a golden yellow skin and a mild, sweet flavor. It’s often used in baking because it holds its shape well when cooked.


Braeburn apple variety

The Braeburn apple is a cross between a Lady Hamilton and Granny Smith, resulting in a tart yet sweet flavor. It has a red and green skin and is great for both cooking and eating fresh.

Unique Apple Types – From Pippin to Courtland

Besides the commonly known varieties, there are many unique and lesser-known types of apples to try. Here are a few examples:


Pippin apple variety

The Pippin apple is believed to have originated in England and was popularized by Thomas Jefferson in the United States. It has a tart, acidic taste and is excellent for baking or making cider.


Cortland apple variety

Originally from New York, the Cortland apple has a red and green skin with a juicy, slightly tart flavor. It’s a versatile apple that can be eaten fresh or used in cooking.

Game-Changers in the Apple World – The Newest Developments

The world of apples is constantly evolving, with new varieties being developed all the time. Here are some of the newest game-changing apples to keep an eye out for:

Cosmic Crisp

Cosmic crisp apple variety

Developed by Washington State University, the Cosmic Crisp apple has a dark red skin and a crisp, juicy texture. It’s known for its long shelf life and is a versatile all-purpose apple.


Sweetango apple variety

A cross between the Honeycrisp and Zestar apples, the SweeTango apple was developed in Minnesota. It’s known for its crisp, juicy texture and sweet, tangy flavor.

Pink Lady

Pink lady apple variety

A popular apple in Australia, the Pink Lady has a bright pink skin with a tangy-sweet flavor. It’s resistant to bruising and is great for eating fresh or using in salads.

What Should You Plant in Your Garden or Yard – A Guide To Selecting the Right Variety

When choosing which apple variety to plant in your garden or yard, consider the following factors:

  • Climate: Some varieties do better in certain climates than others. Make sure to choose a variety that will thrive in your specific climate.
  • Pollination: Most apple trees are not self-pollinating, so you’ll need to plant at least two different varieties for cross-pollination.
  • Space: Make sure to choose a variety that will fit comfortably in your garden or yard, considering the tree’s mature size and root system.

How To Care For Your Trees – Best Practices For Growing Healthy Apples

To ensure your apple trees grow healthy and produce delicious fruit, follow these tips:

  • Prune regularly to promote proper airflow and reduce the risk of disease.
  • Fertilize and water according to the specific needs of your apple variety.
  • Protect against pests by using natural methods or environmentally friendly pesticides.
  • Harvest apples when they are ripe to maximize flavor and storage life.

Enjoy the Freshest Apples!

Now that you have a better understanding of different apple varieties, it’s time to go out and try them for yourself! Whether you’re planting a new tree in your garden or picking up some fresh apples from the market, remember to select the best varieties for your taste preferences. With their unique flavors and textures, apples are truly a delightful fruit to enjoy all year round.

Mitch Baylis