Toothache Plants: How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Buzz Button Flower

Toothache plants, also known as Spilanthes acmella or paracress, belong to a unique species related to the daisy family. They have been used in traditional medicine for centuries to relieve toothache and treat other health issues. The active ingredient in toothache plants is spilanthol, which is an antimicrobial compound that helps fight against bacteria-causing infections. While toothache plants are native to tropical regions, they can be grown in cooler climates if they are protected from frost and wind. Here is everything you need to know about this plant.

About Toothache Plants:

Toothache plants are annual herbaceous plants that can grow up to 20-60cm tall. The stems of the plant are covered in stiff hairs and bear bright yellow flowers with orange centers. The leaves of the plant are small and finely divided, which gives it a fern-like appearance. Both the flowers and leaves have a strong peppery aroma that gives the plant its name. Squeezing the flower heads produces a liquid that has been used in traditional medicine for centuries to combat toothache and other ailments.

Beautifully grown toothache plant in our garden.

History and Origin of Toothache Plants: 

The Toothache Plant, also known as Acmella oleracea and commonly referred to as “buzz buttons” or “Szechuan buttons,” has a fascinating history and origin story that spans continents. It’s native to the tropical regions of Brazil and has been used for centuries by indigenous tribes for its medicinal properties. The plant is particularly effective in numbing pain and reducing inflammation, making it a natural remedy for toothaches, hence its name. The active compound in the plant, spilanthol, is responsible for its numbing and analgesic effects, which can be felt upon chewing the leaves or flowers, leading to a tingling sensation in the mouth.

The Toothache Plant, which is native to South America, has spread across the world due to global exploration and trade. It has been widely adopted in traditional medicine and culinary practices for its unique properties. In Africa, it has been used to alleviate dental pain, stomatitis, and throat infections. In Asia, particularly in India and Southeast Asia, it has been included in dishes to add flavor and a numbing sensation. The Toothache Plant’s effectiveness has made it a subject of interest in contemporary herbal medicine and gastronomy, exploring its potential beyond its traditional uses. Its journey from an indigenous remedy to a global culinary and medicinal ingredient highlights the interconnectedness of cultures and the shared human quest for natural healing solutions.

Varieties of Toothache Plants: 

Toothache plants have been used for centuries due to their pain-relieving properties. The most popular species is Erythroxylon coca, which is indigenous to the Andes Mountains of South America. Other types of toothache plants include Erythroxylum catuaba and Uncaria tomentosa, which are both found in the Amazon rainforest.

These three types of plants have different active compounds such as alkaloids and flavonoids that work together to decrease inflammation and relieve toothache pain. However, it’s essential to conduct extensive research on each plant before using them as a natural remedy for toothache since every plant has its unique advantages.

Many individuals prefer to use natural remedies to treat toothaches. Different herbs like clove, ginger, chamomile tea, and peppermint are often used. By combining these herbs with other natural remedies, you can create a potent treatment that can help alleviate the painful symptoms of toothache quickly. With the right blend of herbal remedies, you can experience relief from your toothache in no time.

Nutritional Value of Toothache Plants: 

The toothache plant, also known as Spilanthes oleracea, is an herb that is originally from South America and Asia. It has been used as a natural remedy for toothaches, mouth sores, and other oral diseases for many centuries. This plant is also rich in essential nutrients that may help prevent or treat various common illnesses. The leaves of the toothache plant are a good source of vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, C, and E, as well as minerals like calcium and zinc. It has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce inflammation in the mouth caused by bacteria or plaque buildup.

The leaves of this plant contain extracts that are effective in treating or preventing common illnesses such as colds, flu, and even some forms of cancer. The plant is also known to reduce bad breath and improve oral hygiene by killing the bacteria that cause plaque buildup. Its leaves can be ground up and mixed with honey to create a paste that can be applied directly to the teeth or gums to ease tooth pain. Additionally, the extract derived from the plant can be added to foods and beverages like tea to boost vitamins and minerals.

The toothache plant is a nutritious food with potential medicinal benefits. However, it should be used under the guidance of a medical professional for treating illnesses or dental problems.

The Health Benefits of Toothache Plants: 

Toothache plants offer many health benefits. They are an excellent source of natural relief from toothaches, mouth sores, and other oral problems. The plant contains antiseptic and anti-inflammatory compounds that help reduce inflammation, pain, and swelling. It has antibacterial properties, which can help fight off infections caused by bacteria in the mouth. Combined with proper dental hygiene and care, Toothache plants may be an effective way to maintain healthy oral health.

In addition, research indicates that toothache plants may have some potential for treating gum disease and improving overall oral health. One study found that plant extracts helped reduce periodontal pockets in patients with chronic periodontitis—a type of gum disease.

Toothache plants are also known to have high levels of antioxidants, which can help reduce oxidative stress and support a healthy immune system. These antioxidants protect cells and tissues from damage caused by free radicals. This type of protection is beneficial for reducing inflammation throughout the body, including in the mouth.

Overall, toothache plants offer many natural benefits that may be beneficial for oral health and overall well-being. While more research is needed to understand its potential benefits fully, it is clear that Toothache plants offer some powerful natural health advantages. For those looking for an all-natural way to improve their oral health, Toothache plants may be worth considering as part of their dental care routine.

The Health Benefits of Toothache plants look promising. Still, it’s important to remember that They are not replacing traditional dental treatments and should be used with proper oral hygiene practices. Speaking with your dentist before beginning any new supplement or treatment plan is also important. With the right combination of care and supplementation, toothache plants may help you achieve better oral health.

Uses of Toothache plants:

The toothache plant, or Spilanthes oleracea, has a range of medicinal and culinary uses. These plants are native to tropical regions of Africa and South America, but they’re now grown in many parts of the world. This plant’s flowers and leaves contain antiseptic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and sedative compounds.

In traditional medicine, these plants often remedy dental pain caused by toothaches or infections. People have been known to chew on the flowers to relieve mild toothache symptoms. In addition to being a home remedy for toothache pain, this herb is also believed to be beneficial for treating muscle aches and pains due to its anti-inflammatory properties.

The toothache plant can also be used to make a herbal tea which is said to help with digestive issues, such as indigestion and upset stomachs. The leaves of the plant are often brewed into teas for their diuretic effects, meaning they can help the body flush out toxins and fluids through increased urination.

Finally, this herb can also be used in food preparation or as an ingredient in natural skincare products due to its strong aroma and flavor. Added to salads or cooked dishes, the leaves of this herb have a unique spicy taste that many people find appealing. It is also believed to have antioxidant and antifungal properties when applied topically on skin conditions such as acne, eczema, and psoriasis.

The toothache plant is a versatile herb with many medicinal and culinary uses. It has various properties traditionally used to treat pain, digestive issues, and various skin conditions. Due to its strong flavor and aroma it can also be used in food preparation or as an ingredient in natural skincare products. Therefore, this herb could be a useful addition to your kitchen pantry or home medicine cabinet.

How to Plant Toothache Plants? 

If you’re looking for an interesting addition to your garden, a toothache plant could be just what you need!

Where Should You Plant Your Toothache Plants?

To ensure a successful growth of your toothache plant, it’s essential to select a location that receives ample sunlight throughout the day. The plant thrives in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter and has a pH level between 6.5 to 7.0. Avoid planting your toothache plant in clay soil as it retains too much moisture, leading to root rot.

When To Plant Your Toothache Plant: 

It is recommended to plant toothache plants during the spring season when the temperature is moderate and there is ample sunlight available. These plants should be provided with plenty of water until they become established. Once they start showing signs of growth, you should reduce the frequency of watering and fertilizing. Once mature, these plants would need only minimal watering during the summer and fall to remain healthy and disease-free.

Young Toothache Plants

How To Plant Your Toothache Plant?

Choosing the Right Location: 

When selecting a location for your toothache plant, look for an area with full sun (at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily). Some varieties of this plant can also tolerate partial shade but will perform best with plenty of sun exposure. The soil should be well-draining as too much moisture can cause the roots to rot. If your soil has poor drainage, add some organic matter (such as compost or peat moss) to improve aeration and water retention.

Preparing the Soil: 

To prepare the soil for your toothache plants, it’s best to loosen it up with a garden fork or tiller until it is at least 8 inches deep. This will allow the roots of your plants to establish themselves properly and help them absorb nutrients more efficiently. Once you have loosened the soil, add a layer of compost and work it into the ground with a rake. This will ensure that your plants get all the necessary nutrition to grow strong and healthy.

Planting the Toothache Plant: 

Next, it’s time to plant your toothache plants. Start by digging a hole twice as large as the root ball of each plant. Place the roots gently into the hole and backfill with soil, tamping down lightly to ensure good contact between the soil and roots. Water thoroughly after planting to help settle any air pockets.

Caring For Your Toothache Plant: 

To thrive, your toothache plants will need full sun for at least 6 hours each day. They also prefer slightly acidic soils that are kept moist but not soggy. During summer, you can fertilize them every few weeks with a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10. In addition, pay close attention to any pests or diseases that may affect your plants and take appropriate action if needed.

With the right care and conditions, your toothache plant should thrive in your garden for many years! If you have any questions about how to plant or care for your toothache plants, consult a local gardening expert for more advice. Happy planting!

Additional tips on How to care for and grow Toothache Plants? 

Toothache plants are easy to care for, and it is a great plant for novice gardeners. Here are some tips on how to best care for your Toothache plants:

  1. Watering – Since Toothache plants thrive in moist soil, they should be watered regularly. Depending on the climate, you can water them every few days or weeks. Be sure not to overwater, as this can cause root rot.
  2. Fertilization – If you want your Toothache plants to stay healthy and produce lush foliage, you must fertilize them regularly during the growing season (spring-summer). Use an all-purpose fertilizer with balanced nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium levels at least once a month.
  3. Sunlight – Toothache plants love full sunlight, so place them in a bright spot with plenty of direct sun during the day. If you live in an area with hot summers, keeping them in partial shade during that time of year is best.
  4. Pruning – Prune your Toothache plants regularly to keep them neat and encourage new growth. You can trim off dead or diseased leaves anytime and prune back overly long branches or stems if needed.
  5. Pests & Diseases – Keep an eye out for pests such as aphids, spider mites, and mealybugs which may attack your Toothache plant. You can use an insecticidal soap or neem oil to treat the problem if needed. Also, be aware of any signs of disease, such as leaf spots, wilting leaves, or root rot, and take appropriate action to address them.

By following these tips, you can keep your Toothache plants looking vibrant and healthy all year!

Preventions from pests and diseases of Toothache Plant?

Toothache plants are quite sensitive and prone to pests and diseases. To prevent them from getting sick, it’s important to use proper cultural practices and natural pest control methods.

When it comes to cultural practices, proper air circulation is key. Ensure the plant has enough room to breathe, so potential pests and diseases don’t settle in too easily. Also, ensure the environment is not too wet or humid since this could lead to fungal infections. Additionally, you should rotate your Toothache plant to expose all sides to the light for a consistent growth pattern.

Observing your Toothache plants regularly for signs of disease or pests is also important. If you notice any signs of distress, address them quickly. It’s also a good idea to quarantine new plants before adding them to your collection to reduce the chances of disease spread. Here are some of the most common pests and diseases of Toothache plants and how you can protect them:

  1. Spider mites: These tiny pests feed on the sap of the leaves causing yellow spots or even webbing on the foliage. Add insecticidal soap solution directly onto affected leaves to rid spider mites. You should also make sure to cultivate regularly to reduce their population in the garden environment.
  2. Fungal disease: Leaf spots, rust and powdery mildew are common fungal diseases affecting Toothache plants. These diseases can be prevented by ensuring proper ventilation and air circulation around the plants, avoiding contact with water during wet weather, and removing any affected leaves from the plant.
  3. Aphids: Small, soft-bodied insects suck sap from new shoots and leaves. To get rid of aphids, use an insecticidal soap or neem oil spray to kill them directly on contact. It would be best to attract beneficial insects like ladybugs to help keep aphid populations in check.

You should use natural methods such as neem oil and insecticidal soap for pest control. These products are safe for people and pets but can effectively control pests like aphids and spider mites. If needed, you can also use beneficial insects such as ladybugs or praying mantis to help keep pests in check.

Finally, remember proper nutrition! Ensure that your Toothache plant has access to enough nutrients to stay healthy and fight off any potential diseases or pests. If you think your plant might be deficient in some nutrients, you can use a fertilizer specific to the species of Toothache plant to ensure it is getting all of the necessary minerals and nutrients.

Following these simple guidelines ensures that your Toothache plants remain healthy and free from pests and diseases. With proper care and attention, your plants will be able to thrive for many years to come!

How to Harvest and Store Toothache Plant?

Harvesting toothache plants is a simple process that can be done with minimal effort. First, it’s important to make sure you have the right kind of plant. Toothache plants come in two varieties: white and purple. The white variety has smaller flowers and leaves, while the purple variety has larger ones. Once you’ve identified the right plant, you must gently tug on it to pull it up from its roots. It would be best to be careful not to yank too hard or damage the root system.

Once harvested, toothache plants will start losing their medicinal properties quickly. Using them within a week of harvesting for maximum potency is best. To store your harvest, you can either dry or freeze it. If drying the plant, hang it in a shady spot and zap away any moisture as quickly as possible. Alternatively, if you’re freezing it, wrap each plant in plastic wrap and place them in an airtight container or bag.

It’s important to remember that toothache plants should only be used externally! Ingesting the herb has been known to cause side effects such as nausea and vomiting. To enjoy the benefits of this amazing herb, rub some of the liquid from the freshly harvested leaves onto your teeth or gums for quick relief from minor pain.

To store Toothache Plant (Acmella oleracea) correctly, start by drying out the leaves and blossoms to ensure that their medicinal properties are preserved. Once you’ve harvested the plant, gently rinse and dry the components. Then, spread them out on a clean surface or drying rack in a well-ventilated, dark area to prevent the active components from degrading due to exposure to light. It may take a few days for the plant material to dry completely. Once dry, put it in airtight containers and store it in a cool, dark place to maintain its effectiveness. This method will help preserve the plant’s numbing and medicinal properties over time. For those who would like to use the plant immediately or store it for a short period, fresh leaves and flowers can be kept in the refrigerator, wrapped tightly in a moist paper towel and placed inside.

By following these tips on storing your homegrown Toothache plants, you can ensure they stay fresh and productive for years. With proper care and storage, your toothache plant harvest will be a consistent source of fresh herbs and flavorings with each passing season!

How to Use a Homegrown Toothache Plant in your day-to-day life?

Homegrown toothache plants are a great way to treat toothache pain naturally. The most common type of homegrown toothache plant is called Lactuca sativa, also known as wild lettuce or prickly lettuce. This herb is native to areas in Central and South America, but it has also become naturalized in many parts of North America. These green leafy plants grow wild in many backyards, gardens, and fields throughout the United States.

This plant’s most commonly used part for toothache relief is its milky sap from breaking open the stem. To use this sap to relieve your toothache, break off a piece of the stem and rub the sap onto your gums for relief.

Many people use natural plants to alleviate toothache pain. One such plant is the toothache plant, which can be brewed into a tea to soothe sore teeth. To prepare this tea, boil water and add some toothache plant leaves to it. Allow the mixture to steep for a few minutes, then strain and let it cool. You can drink this tea two or three times a day to reduce inflammation and relieve any painful sensations you may be experiencing.

Although common sense should prevail when attempting any natural remedy, many claim that using homegrown toothache plants helps ease the discomfort caused by dental issues such as cavities or infections. It’s always best to consult your dentist before using any remedy, especially if you’re dealing with a serious dental issue.

Overall, homegrown toothache plants can be an effective way to treat your toothaches and other minor dental problems. With their natural anti-inflammatory properties and ability to fight infection, these plants are worth trying out! Just make sure you use them correctly and always consult with your dentist first!

Toothache Plants Uses

Potential Risks from Toothache Plants in your day-to-day life:

Regarding potential risks from Toothache plants in your day-to-day life, one of the primary concerns is contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis occurs when the sap from these plants comes into contact with the skin, causing a rash and inflammation. Wear protective clothing and gloves to keep your skin safe if you are working around Toothache plants or gardening.

Also known as spurges, Toothache plants contain a toxin called phorbol esters which can cause severe irritation if ingested. This means they should never be eaten, even if they look appetizing. Ingesting too many phorbol esters can lead to stomach cramps and diarrhea, so keeping children and animals away from these plants is important.

Finally, Toothache plants may also contain a poisonous compound called lectin which can be toxic if ingested. Lectins are proteins that bind to carbohydrates in the human body and can cause serious health complications. To avoid accidental ingestion, wash your hands after working with or around Toothache plants and keep them away from food preparation areas.

By understanding the potential risks associated with Toothache plants, you can take steps to protect yourself and your family while still enjoying their beauty in your garden. Proper precautions allow these lovely flowering plants to be enjoyed safely in any outdoor space!


Homegrown Toothache plants are a great way to naturally treat minor toothaches, as well as provide relief from other dental issues. These plants can stay fresh and healthy for many years when harvested and stored properly. 

While it’s always best to consult with your dentist before trying any natural remedies, homegrown Toothache plants can effectively treat minor dental issues. With their anti-inflammatory properties and ability to fight infection, these herbs are worth considering if you’re looking for a more natural path toward relieving your toothaches! Follow the harvesting and storing tips this guide outlines to ensure your Toothache plant harvest is successful.

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