Curry Berries: Benefits, Nutritional Facts & Uses

Curry berries, also known as ghanti or kari phal (Carissa carandas), are a tropical fruit native to India. They are the only species in the genus Carissa and are members of the family Apocynaceae. Curry berries have been used for centuries in traditional Indian cooking, making them an important part of the country’s culture and cuisine. Here is a guide to everything you need to know about curry berries.

What are Curry Berries, and why are they so Popular?

Curry berries are small averaging 1 to 2 centimeters in length and 0.5 to 1 centimeter in diameter, round, juicy, sweet-tart fruits. It can contain one or two oval dark green inedible seeds. The berry’s skin is thin, and the flesh appears to be tender and jelly-like. When ripe, they have a deep red or purple color and can be eaten raw or cooked in curries, shakes, desserts, jams, and other dishes. The ripe fruits have a sweet, herbal and citrusy taste combine with some tangy and peppery flavor. Curry berries contain essential vitamins, such as vitamins A and C and minerals like calcium and iron.

They are also a good source of dietary fiber, which helps maintain a healthy digestive system. Curry berries are known for their medicinal properties and have been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries to treat infections, allergies, skin complaints, and other ailments. 

History and Origin of the Curry Berries:

Curry berries are tropical fruits that are native to India and Southeast Asia. They have been grown in India since ancient times and were mentioned in Hindu texts such as the Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Manusmriti.

The earliest recorded use of curry berries dates back to 16th century Mughal India, where they were used to make curries and other dishes. Today, curry berries are cultivated in many parts of the world, including Africa, South America, and the Caribbean.

Where Curry Berries are Grown and Harvested?

Curry berries are mainly cultivated in India but can grow wild in other tropical regions. They thrive in hot and humid climates and require sunlight to produce good yields.

The main states cultivating curry berries in India are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. They are usually harvested in late summer or early fall when the fruits reach their peak ripeness. Late summer is also a prime time to harvest many vegetables including bell peppers, peaches, tomatoes and zucchini.

How to Grow Curry Berries?

You can plant them with their flesh intact or just the naked seed itself in a pot filled with standard potting soil. Note that many seeds may not sprout, which makes it necessary to plant more than what is required. Germination can take anywhere from 6 to 8 weeks or several months. Choose the healthiest seedlings and keep them in a warm and well-lit place, preferably in shade. The seedlings will take approximately 2 years to develop into saplings. If you like to grow your plant in containers, increase the size of the pot as your plant grows. You can also grow them in your garden or backyard, provided you live in a suitable climate.

It is also possible to start a new tree from fresh stem cuttings. For this, choose curry leaves with petioles or stems still attached to the stem. The fruits are available in summer, and they grow in clusters of 32 to 80 fruits attached to their green stems. Its flowers are small, white, and scented, blooming in late spring to early summer. In certain tropical places, the berries grow multiple times a year.

Nutritional Content of Curry Berries:

Curry berries are a good source of dietary fiber and contain essential vitamins like vitamins A, C, and K. They are also rich in iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and zinc. Moreover, curry berries have antioxidant properties that may help to reduce inflammation. Furthermore, they are low in calories and fat-free, which makes them a healthy snack.

curry berries tree

Flavor Profile of the Curry Berries:

Curry berries have a sweet-tart taste with hints of nutmeg and clove. The flavor is similar to that of pomegranate or cranberry but sweeter. They can be eaten raw as a snack or cooked in dishes like curries and shakes.

Where to Find the Best Quality Curry Berries?

Curry berries can be found in most Indian grocery stores and online. They are usually sold dried or powdered, but fresh curry berries can also be found in some parts of India during harvest. When buying curry berries, look for firm ones with a deep red or purple color. Avoid any that are soft or discolored.

How to Store Curry Berries?

Curry berries can be stored at room temperature for up to three days. Alternatively, they can be frozen for up to six months. To freeze curry berries, place them in an airtight container or wrap them in plastic before freezing. When ready, thaw the curry berries overnight in the refrigerator before using them.

How to Pick Curry Berries?

When shopping for curry berries, look for bright red ones that feel firm. Avoid using soft or wrinkled fruits, as they may have gone bad. If you buy fresh curry berries, store them in the refrigerator, where they will stay fresh for up to a week.

How to Use Curry Berries?

Curry berries can be eaten raw or cooked in curries, shakes, desserts, jams, and other dishes. They can also make butter, syrup, chutney, jam, and pickles. Curry berries are a great addition to salads and smoothies, adding a sweet-tart flavor. Furthermore, they can be used as a topping for yogurt or ice cream to add sweetness and texture.

Can Dogs Eat Curry Berries?

We are not sure what curry berries will do to your dog when ingested, so it is always wise to consult your veterinary doctor before you feed your dog something you need more clarification on.


Curry berries are an important part of India’s culture and cuisine. They have a sweet-tart flavor and contain essential vitamins and minerals that provide many health benefits. Curry berries can be enjoyed raw or cooked in dishes like curries, shakes, desserts, jams, and other dishes. Furthermore, they are a great way to add sweetness and texture to salads, smoothies, and yogurt. With numerous benefits and uses, curry berries are a must-have ingredient in your kitchen!