What is Breadfruit? How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Breadfruit

Breadfruit is a tropical fruit native to the Malay-Indo region with many potential uses. It is high in vitamins and minerals, low in fat and calories, and can be an alternative to traditional starchy foods like potatoes or bread. The complex carbohydrate content makes it an ideal energy source for those on a vegetarian diet. 

Furthermore, its high fiber content aids in digestion and helps keep you feeling full longer after meals. Breadfruit also contains several antioxidants that help protect against disease-causing free radicals. Here’s everything you need to know about the incredible Breadfruit.

What is Breadfruit?

Breadfruit is a large, round fruit with a bumpy greenish-brown exterior and soft white flesh on the inside. Its texture slightly resembles bread when cooked, hence its name. It has a distinct sweet taste that intensifies as it ripens and can be eaten raw or cooked in various dishes.

History and Origin of Breadfruit: 

Breadfruit has a long and fascinating history, with origins that date back to ancient times. It is believed to have originated in New Guinea or the Maluku Islands of Indonesia, where the local peoples first cultivated it over 4,000 years ago. From there, it spread throughout Southeast Asia and eventually into the rest of the world through Polynesians, who transported breadfruit plants during their voyages across the Pacific Ocean in canoes.

Eventually, breadfruit reached Hawaii, Tahiti, Samoa, and other islands in the South Pacific as well as parts of India and Africa. Breadfruit was an important food source for many cultures since it could provide sustenance without requiring intensive cultivation or care.

Throughout its history, breadfruit has been used for various culinary purposes, including baking bread and cakes, cooking curries or stews, frying or roasting, or simply boiling and serving with butter. It can even be eaten raw when ripe. Breadfruit is rich in antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins such as vitamin C and potassium. Its mild flavor makes it versatile enough to take on different flavors depending on how it is cooked or seasoned. This makes it an ideal ingredient for various traditional dishes around the world.

Today, breadfruit is still highly valued for its nutritional benefits, sustainability, and culinary diversity. It has also become increasingly popular in modern dishes in recent years, with many restaurants featuring it on their menus. As more people learn about its health benefits and versatility, the popularity of this ancient superfood continues to grow.

Varieties of Breadfruit: 

Breadfruit is a versatile fruit and comes in wide varieties. Some of the most popular varieties are:

  1. Jamaican Breadfruit (Artocarpus Altilis): This variety of breadfruit has an oval shape with light green skin. It has a firm, white flesh with a sweet flavor when ripe. The seeds are also edible and have a slightly nutty flavor.
  2. Tahitian Breadfruit (Artocarpus Mariannensis): This type of breadfruit is rounder in shape than the Jamaican variety, with yellow-green skin and sweet, yellow flesh when ripe. The seeds are edible and have a rich, nutty taste to them.
  3. Breadnut (Brosimum alicastrum): This variety of breadfruit is native to the Caribbean. It has a round shape with dark green skin and white flesh when ripe. The seeds are edible and have a sweet, nutty flavor.
  4. Mountain Breadfruit (Artocarpus Communis): This breadfruit is oval and has light yellow-green skin with yellow flesh when ripe. The seeds are also edible and have a mildly sweet taste.
  5. Singapore Breadfruit (Artocarpus Odoratissimus): This type of breadfruit is round in shape with pale yellow-green skin and white flesh when ripe. The seeds are also edible and have an almond-like flavor.
  6. Breadfruit (Artocarpus Incisa): This variety of breadfruit is oval with light green skin and sweet, yellow flesh when ripe. The seeds are edible and have a mild, nutty flavor.

Regardless of the variety, breadfruit can be cooked in various ways, including baking, boiling, frying, or roasting. It can also be eaten raw as part of salads or used for making jams and jellies. For those looking to use it as a substitute for starchy foods such as potatoes or rice, breadfruit is an excellent alternative packed with nutrition and unique flavor!

Nutritional Value of Breadfruit: 

Breadfruit is an excellent source of dietary fiber and contains essential minerals such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, and sodium. It also contains small amounts of zinc and iron. Breadfruit is rich in vitamins A and C, providing approximately 25% (by weight) of the recommended daily value for each vitamin.

Additionally, it provides antioxidants like flavonoids which help reduce inflammation and protect against free radical damage throughout the body. In addition to these benefits, breadfruit’s high carbohydrate content makes it an ideal food for maintaining energy levels during physical activity or recovering from illness.

Breadfruit can be cooked in various ways, including steaming, boiling, baking, or roasting; it can also be eaten raw when ripe. The flavor of breadfruit has been described as sweet and starchy, similar to a potato. Breadfruit can be used in savory and sweet dishes, making it an incredibly versatile ingredient.

Breadfruit is a nutritious food with many essential vitamins and minerals to promote overall health. It is naturally low in fat and calories, making it a great choice for those looking to lose or maintain their current weight. Additionally, the high fiber content helps to keep hunger at bay and aids in digestion. For these reasons, breadfruit makes for an excellent addition to any diet.

The Health Benefits of Breadfruit: 

Breadfruit is a nutrient-dense fruit that provides many health benefits. It is high in vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber, making it an excellent source of nutrition. Breadfruit also helps to prevent disease and improve overall health. Here are some of the top health benefits of breadfruit:

  1. Rich Source of Fiber: Breadfruit is a rich source of dietary fiber that can help reduce cholesterol levels and aid digestion. The high fiber concentration also helps to keep you full longer, so you’re less likely to snack in between meals.
  2. High in Vitamins & Minerals: Breadfruit contains essential vitamins and minerals such as C, zinc, magnesium, calcium, and iron. These vitamins and minerals help to promote healthy skin, bones, and blood vessels.
  3. Immune System Booster: Breadfruit is a great source of antioxidants that can boost your immune system and help to fight off colds and other illnesses. The potassium found in breadfruit also helps to regulate electrolytes and fluids in your system, making it an important part of any healthy diet.
  4. Heart-Healthy: Breadfruit is low in fat and cholesterol-free, making it the perfect choice for those looking to maintain a healthy heart. Eating foods like breadfruit regularly can help reduce cholesterol levels, improve circulation, and reduce the risk of heart disease or stroke.
  5. Brain Booster: Eating breadfruit can help to improve cognitive functions such as memory, focus, and concentration. The vitamin B6 found in breadfruit helps to keep the brain healthy and functioning properly.

These are just a few amazing health benefits of eating breadfruit regularly. It is an incredibly nutrient-dense fruit that should be included in any balanced diet for optimal health and well-being.

ready to harvest breadfruit

What are the Uses of Breadfruit?

Breadfruit is a highly versatile fruit that can be used in many ways. It can be boiled, roasted, baked, fried, steamed, or pickled. The flesh of the breadfruit has a mild flavor that lends itself to sweet and savory recipes. In some parts of the world, it is eaten raw or dried as a snack.

In Caribbean cuisine, breadfruit is commonly cooked with saltfish or other salted meats and served with rice or dumplings for a hearty meal. Other popular dishes include:

  • Breadfruit fritters (a deep-fried snack).
  • Grilled breadfruit wedges seasoned with herbs and spices.
  • Grated breadfruit pudding flavored with vanilla and nutmeg.

Breadfruit also works well as a substitute for potatoes in pies and stews.

In Hawaii, breadfruit is pounded into poi or boiled and mashed as ‘ulu hummus. It can also be dehydrated and ground into flour, combined with other flour to make bread or thicken sauces. Breadfruit leaves are sometimes eaten raw or cooked like spinach, while the tree sap is boiled down to make syrup, jellies, and jams.

Breadfruit is an excellent source of vitamins A, B6, and C, dietary fiber, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. It also contains a wide range of antioxidants that help protect cells from free radical damage caused by environmental toxins. Eating this nutrient-rich fruit can help to boost energy levels, strengthen the immune system, lower cholesterol, and reduce inflammation.

Overall, breadfruit is a valuable addition to any diet. With its versatility and potential health benefits, it is worth exploring different recipes that use this delicious tropical fruit.

How to Plant Breadfruit ? 

Breadfruit is a tropical fruit that has a unique texture and flavor. It’s high in fiber and packed with vitamins and minerals, making it an excellent addition to any diet. With proper care and attention, you can successfully grow this delicious fruit from the comfort of your own home. This article will guide selecting, planting, maintaining, and harvesting breadfruit trees.

Selecting Breadfruit Trees: 

When selecting a breadfruit tree for your garden, choose one with healthy leaves, stems, and branches. Avoid those with signs of disease or pests, such as yellowing or wilting leaves. Inspect the root system before purchasing – if possible; the roots should be defined but not too dense. In addition, the soil should be moist and well-drained.

Planting Breadfruit Trees: 

Once you’ve selected a healthy tree, it’s time to plant it. Start by digging a hole twice as deep and wide as the roots of your tree. Fill the bottom of the hole with soil or compost to create a mound to place the roots. This ensures proper drainage and allows for maximum root growth. Water your tree until the ground is saturated, and add more soil around its base to secure it in place.

Maintaining Breadfruit Trees: 

Breadfruit trees need regular maintenance to produce healthy fruit. Be sure to water them regularly but don’t overdo it – too much water can lead to root rot. Pruning is also important to keep the tree’s shape neat and orderly. During the hot summer, you may need to fertilize your trees to help them produce fruit.

Harvesting Breadfruit Trees: 

When harvesting breadfruit, ensure the fruits are ripe and have reached their desired size before picking them. Ripe fruits will feel slightly soft and easily detach from the stem when picked. Gently twist off each fruit one by one with your hands, or use a pair of pruners if necessary. Once harvested, store your breadfruit in a cool dark place until ready to consume.

Following these simple steps, you can successfully care for and grow breadfruit trees at home. With proper care, your tree will produce delicious fruits that can be enjoyed for months.

How to Care for and Grow Breadfruit? 

Breadfruit is a tropical fruit that’s native to the South Pacific and has become popular throughout the world. It’s a highly nutritious food, rich in vitamins and minerals, with a unique flavor that can be used in savory or sweet dishes. While it’s relatively easy to care for and grow breadfruit, there are some additional tips you should keep in mind to maximize your success.

Selecting Your Trees: 

When selecting trees for growing breadfruit, look for sturdy, healthy specimens without visible signs of disease. Also, check the roots; they should be moist but not soggy. Avoid buying trees from nurseries, as they can carry diseases and pests that may harm your plants.


Breadfruit trees prefer well-drained soil and full sun. If you live in an area with a long dry season, choosing a location that receives shade for part of the day is best. Ensure that your trees have plenty of space to reach their potential size; 2 to 3 feet between each trunk is ideal for most varieties. 

Watering and Fertilizing: 

Be sure to water your breadfruit trees at least once every two weeks during hot, dry weather. Also, add organic fertilizer once or twice a year to ensure your plants get all the nutrients they need without encouraging too much growth. When adding fertilizer, work it into the soil around the base of your trees and water it in. 


Breadfruit trees need regular pruning to keep them healthy and encourage profitable growth. Prune off any dead or diseased branches as soon as you spot them. Also, cut back branches growing in an awkward direction; this will open up more light and air circulation for the other parts of the tree. When pruning, use sharp, sterilized tools to make clean cuts that won’t damage your plants.


Breadfruit is typically ready to harvest when the fruit has turned a yellowish-green color. If you wait too long, the fruit may split open, so check your trees regularly. Gently twist the fruit off or use a pair of pruning shears; never pull or yank it, as this could damage the tree and make it more vulnerable to disease.

You can grow delicious breadfruit in your backyard with proper care and maintenance. Keep these additional tips in mind for the best results!

Preventions From Pests and Diseases of Breadfruit: 

Breadfruit is a tropical tree species grown in many parts of the world for its large, starchy fruits. Despite being a nutritious and delicious food source, breadfruit can be prone to pest and disease infestations which can cause significant damage to crops. It is important to practice prevention and control measures to ensure that your breadfruit crop remains healthy and productive.


Preventive measures are the best when dealing with pests and diseases that could affect your breadfruit crop. This includes:

  • Growing resistant varieties: Selecting a resistant variety of breadfruit trees can help reduce the likelihood of pest or disease infestation. Consult with local agricultural extension offices for advice on selecting suitable varieties.
  • Crop rotation: Planting other non-host crops between breadfruit growing cycles can help reduce the prevalence of pests and diseases.
  • Keep the area clean: Remove fallen fruit, leaves, and branches from your field or garden to reduce the habitat for potential pests or disease-carrying organisms. Dispose of debris properly or consider composting it as fertilizer later.
  • Practice good sanitation: Remove weeds regularly, water plants in the morning so that foliage has time to dry before nightfall, and avoid overcrowding of plants as this can create a desirable environment for pests and diseases.
  • Examine trees frequently: Regularly inspect trees for signs of pest or disease activity, such as discolored leaves, wilting stems, and webbing. If you notice any suspicious activity, take action immediately.
  • Promote natural predators: Encourage beneficial insects such as ladybugs and wasps in your garden or field to help keep populations of pests down.

Following these preventive measures can greatly reduce the risk of pest and disease infestations in your breadfruit crop. Remember that early detection is key to managing any issues quickly and effectively. With a little effort, you can ensure that your breadfruit continues to be a nutritious food source year after year.

How to Harvest Breadfruit? 

The best time to harvest breadfruit will depend on your climate and the variety you have planted. Most breadfruit trees produce one main crop each year between June and August. If your tree starts flowering early, you can expect to begin harvesting earlier.

Steps for Harvesting Breadfruit: 

  1. Gently twist the fruit off the tree when it is ripe. You should easily remove it from the stem without too much force.
  2. Inspect each piece of fruit carefully and discard any bruised or defects to ensure the highest quality product.
  3. Put your harvested breadfruit into a basket or other container, ensuring they don’t get damaged during transportation.
  4. Place your harvested breadfruit in a cool, dark place with good air circulation to ripen properly before use or storage (for up to three months).
  5. When ready to use, your breadfruit can be boiled, roasted, or fried.

Harvesting breadfruit is a simple process that can be done with just a few steps. With proper care and storage, your harvested fruits will remain fresh and delicious for up to three months! Enjoy the nutritional benefits of this wonderful tropical fruit!

harvested breadfruit

How to Store Homegrown Breadfruit?

Storing Freshly-Harvested Breadfruit : 

Once you have harvested your breadfruit, the first step is to clean and prepare it for storage properly. First, remove any debris or dirt from the surface of the fruit. Then rinse off any dirt residue with cold water. Once cleaned, slice open the fruit and remove the seeds.

Next, place the breadfruit in a damp paper towel or cloth container. Keep the fruit from touching each other, so it doesn’t stick together. Cover the container and store it in the refrigerator for up to two weeks. This will help preserve its freshness, texture, and flavor for an extended period.

Storing Dried Breadfruit: 

If you want to keep your breadfruit for longer than two weeks, try drying it out. To do this, slice open the fruit and remove any seeds as before. Then spread the slices on a baking sheet and dry them at low heat in an oven or dehydrator until they reach the desired texture. Once dry, store the slices in an airtight container or bag for up to a year.

Proper storage of your homegrown breadfruit can help ensure it retains its freshness and flavor for as long as possible. Make sure to clean and prepare the fruit before storing it, either by refrigerating it or drying out the slices. Following these simple steps, you can enjoy your delicious breadfruit for months or years!

How to use Homegrown Breadfruit in your day-to-day life?

The breadfruit tree is known as one of the world’s most versatile and nutritious fruits. Its fruit can make various dishes, including baked goods, stews, curries, soups, salads, and more! This article will discuss how you can use homegrown breadfruit daily.

  1. Baked Goods: Breadfruit makes a delicious addition to cakes, muffins, and other baked goods. To use it in baking recipes, mash or grind ripe breadfruit into a puree and add it to your favorite batter or dough recipes. It adds fruity sweetness while boosting nutrition and fiber content.
  2. Stews and Curries: Breadfruit is a great way to add flavor and nutrition to your favorite stew or curry recipes. Cube the fruit, add it to the pot with vegetables, meat, or fish, and let it cook until tender.
  3. Soups: Breadfruit can also be added to any soup recipe as a thickener or an additional ingredient. Either mash breadfruit into a puree and stir it into the finished soup or add cubes of breadfruit while cooking.
  4. Salads: Freshly cut breadfruit pieces are perfect for adding crunchiness and sweetness to salads. You can also roast cubes of breadfruit in the oven for extra flavor before adding them to salads for a delicious and nutritious meal.

There are so many ways to use homegrown breadfruit in your day-to-day life. The possibilities are endless, from baked goods to stews, curries, soups, and salads! We hope this article has helped you learn more about using breadfruit for maximum flavor and nutrition in your cooking. Try it today and enjoy its unique taste!

uses of breadfruit

Potential Risks from Breadfruit in your day-to-day life:

Eating breadfruit can pose some potential risks to your health. Some of these include allergies, foodborne illnesses, and GI problems due to its high fiber content.

First, people can be allergic to breadfruit. Allergy symptoms may range from mild itching or hives to severe life-threatening anaphylaxis. If you have a history of allergies or asthma, it’s important to be aware that you could potentially have a reaction when eating breadfruit.

Second, there is the risk of foodborne illnesses from consuming contaminated breadfruit. This can happen if the fruit is improperly handled and prepared at home or purchased from an unreliable vendor. To avoid this risk, buy only from reputable sources and follow safe food preparation guidelines.

Lastly, breadfruit is high in fiber, which can lead to Gastrointestinal (GI) issues if consumed in excess. Too much fiber can cause bloating, cramps, gas, and diarrhea. To reduce your risk of experiencing these symptoms, ensure you don’t eat too much breadfruit at once or consume it on an empty stomach.

Breadfruit is generally safe as long as it is prepared properly and not eaten in excess amounts. However, people with allergies or GI problems should be careful when consuming it because they are more likely to experience adverse side effects from eating the fruit. Additionally, always buy from reliable vendors to reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses.

Knowing these potential risks, you can enjoy eating breadfruit without worrying about your health or safety. With a few precautions and common sense, you can reap all the nutritional benefits this versatile fruit offers.


Breadfruit is an incredibly versatile and nutrient-packed fruit that can be used in various dishes. From baked goods to stews, curries, soups, and salads, it’s a great way to add flavor and nutrition to your meals. 

However, due to their high fiber content, there are potential risks associated with eating breadfruits, such as allergies, foodborne illnesses, and GI problems. To reduce these risks, buy from reputable vendors and ensure you don’t eat too much breadfruit at once or on an empty stomach. With just a few precautions and common sense, you can safely enjoy the many benefits of this amazing fruit!

Mitch Baylis